[1].A New Species of Cyrtodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from the Karst Forests of Daweishan National Nature Reserve, Yunnan, China[J].Asian Herpetological Research,2021,12(3):261-270.[doi:10.16373/j.cnki.ahr.200090]
 Yinpeng ZHANG,Xiaolong LIU,Justin BERNSTEIN,et al.A New Species of Cyrtodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from the Karst Forests of Daweishan National Nature Reserve, Yunnan, China[J].Asian Herpetological Research(AHR),2021,12(3):261-270.[doi:10.16373/j.cnki.ahr.200090]

A New Species of Cyrtodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from the Karst Forests of Daweishan National Nature Reserve, Yunnan, China()

Asian Herpetological Research[ISSN:2095-0357/CN:51-1735/Q]



A New Species of Cyrtodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from the Karst Forests of Daweishan National Nature Reserve, Yunnan, China
Yinpeng ZHANG123 Xiaolong LIU2 Justin BERNSTEIN4 Jian WANG5 and Zhiyong YUAN12*
1 Key Laboratory of Freshwater Fish Reproduction and Development, Ministry of Education, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China
2 Key Laboratory of Conserving Wildlife with Small Populations in Yunnan, Southwest Forestry University, Kunming 650224, Yunnan, China
3 Michigan State University, East Lansing 48825, MI, USA
4 Rutgers University–Newark, Boyden Hall, 195 University Avenue, Newark 07102, NJ, USA
5 College of Life Science and Technology, Honghe University, Mengzi 661199, Yunnan, China
China-Vietnam border Yunnan Province Cyrtodactylus hekouensis sp. nov. Gekkonidae molecular phylogeny systematics taxonomy
Cyrtodactylus geckos are one of the most speciose and diverse groups of extant lizards known, distributed throughout the Asian and Pacific realms. Using molecular phylogenetic methods and supporting morphological data, we describe a new species of Cyrtodactylus in Daweishan National Nature Reserve, Yunnan Province, China. Cyrtodactylus hekouensis sp. nov. can be morphologically distinguished from its nearby congeners by the following characters: maximum SVL 92.3 mm and TL 98.5 mm; 11–12 supralabials; 11–12 infralabials; 36–57 scale rows between the fifth supralabials; 10–13 dorsal tubercles rows; 3 postnasals on blunt and smooth front snout; precloacal-femoral pores in a continuous series of 33–39 (females with pitted scales) located under vent/cloaca and thighs in both sexes; precloacal groove absent; 3/3 postcloacal tubercles; subdigital lamellae under the fourth finger 21 or 22, under the fourth toe 20–23; smooth midbody with smooth venter and tuberculate dorsal scale rows, tubercles from head to tail base; dorsal transverse patterns are generally large, bilaterally symmetrical. The results of the phylogenetic analysis recover specimens of this new species as sister to a clade containing C. wayakonei and C. martini. Uncorrected pairwise intraspecific distances were < 1%, and distances between our new species and other Cyrtodactylus species from nearby countries ranged from 14.2% to 26.8%.


Agarwal I., Mahony S., Giri V. B., Chaitanya R., Bauer A. M. 2018. Two new species of bent toed geckos, Cyrtodactylus Gray, 1827 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from northeast India with comments on name-bearing types from the region. Zootaxa, 4420 (3): 334-356
Bo?hme W. 2003. Checklist of the living monitor lizards of the world (family Varanidae). Zool Verh, 341: 3-43
Boulenger G. A. 1905. On some batrachians and reptiles from Tibet. Ann Mag Nat Hist, 15(7): 378-379
Brennan I. G., Bauer A. M., Tri N. V., Wang Y., Wang W., Zhang Y., Murphy R. W. 2017. Barcoding utility in a mega-diverse, cross-continental genus: keeping pace with Cyrtodactylus geckos. Sci Rep, 7: 5592
Che J., Chen H., Yang J., Jin J., Jiang K., Yuan Z., Murphy R. W., Zhang Y. 2012. Universal COI primers for DNA barcoding amphibians. Mol Ecol Res, 12: 247-258
Chen J., Poyarkov N. A., Suwannapoom C., Lathrop A., Wu Y., Zhou W., Yuan Z., Jin J., Chen H., Liu H., Nguyen T. Q., Nguyen S. N., Duong T. V., Eto K., Nishikawa K., Matsui M., Orlov N. L., Stuart B. L., Brown R. M., Rowley J. J., Murphy R. W., Wang Y., Che J. 2018. Large-scale phylogenetic analyses provide insights into unrecognized diversity and historical biogeography of Asian leaf-litter frogs, genus Leptolalax (Anura: Megophryidae). Mol Phylogenetics Evol, 124: 162-171
Connette G. M., Oswald P., Thura M. K., Connette K. J. L., Grindley M. E., Songer M., Zug G. R., Mulcahy D. G. 2017. Rapid forest clearing in a Myanmar proposed national park threatens two newly discovered species of geckos (Gekkonidae: Cyrtodactylus). PLoS One, 12(4): e0174432
Darriba D., Taboada G. L., Doallo R., Posada D. 2012. jModelTest 2: More models, new heuristics and parallel computing. Nat Methods, 9(8): 772
David P., Nguyen T. Q., Schneider N., Ziegler T. 2011. A new species of the genus Cyrtodactylus Gray, 1827 from central Laos (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Zootaxa, 2833: 29-40
Grismer L. L., Wood Jr P. L., Thura M. K., Quah E. S. H., Murdoch M. L., Grismer M. S., Herr M. W., Lin A., Kyaw H. 2018. Three more new species of Cyrtodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from the Salween basin of eastern Myanmar underscore the urgent need for the conservation of karst habitats. J Nat Hist, 52: 1243-1294
Grismer L. L., Wood P. L. J., Quah E. S., Grismer M. S., Thura M. K., Oaks J. R., Lin A. 2020. Two new species of Cyrtodactylus Gray, 1827 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from a karstic archipelago in the Salween basin of southern Myanmar (Burma). Zootaxa, 4718(2): 151-183
Guindon S., Gascuel O. 2003. A simple, fast and accurate method to estimate large phylogenies by maximum-likelihood. Syst Biol, 52: 696-704
Hebert P. D., Cywinska A., Ball S. L., Dewaard J. R. 2003. Biological identifications through DNA barcodes. Proc R Soc Lond B, 270(1512): 313-321
Huelsenbeck J. P., Ronquist F. 2001. MRBAYES: Bayesian inference of phylogenetic trees. Bioinfomatics, 17: 754-755
Jackman T. R., Bauer A. M., Greenbaum E., Glaw, F., Vences M. 2008. Molecular phylogenetic relationships among species of the Malagasy-Comoran gecko genus Paroedura (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Mol Phylogenet Evol, 46 (1) : 74-81
Kozlov A., Darriba D., Flouri T., Morel B., Stamatakis A. 2019. RAxML-NG: a fast, scalable and user-friendly tool for maximum likelihood phylogenetic inference. Bioinformatics, 35: 4453-4455
Kumar S., Stecher G., Li M., Knyaz C., Tamura K. 2018. MEGA X: Molecular evolutionary genetics analysis across computing platforms. Mol Biol Evol, 35: 1547-1549
Le D. T., Nguyen T. Q., Le M. D., Ziegler T. 2016. A new species of Cyrtodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Ninh Binh Province, Vietnam. Zootaxa, 4162(2): 268-282
Li P. 2007. Description of a new subspecies of Cyrtodactylus khasiensis from China. Acta Zootax sin, 32(3): 733-737
Luo Z., Tang S., Jiang Z., Chen J., Fang H., Li C. 2016. Conservation of terrestrial vertebrates in a global hotspot of karst area in southwestern China. Sci Rep, 6 (1): 1-12
Luu V. Q., Bonkowski M., Nguyen T. Q., Le M. D., Schneider N., Ngo H. T., Ziegler T. 2016a. Evolution in karst massifs: cryptic diversity among bent-toed geckos along the Truong Son Range with descriptions of three new species and one new country record from Laos. Zootaxa, 4107(2): 101-140
Luu V. Q., Calame T., Bonkwoski M., Nguyen T. Q., Ziegler T. 2014. A new species of Cyrtodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Khammouane Province, Laos. Zootaxa, 3760(1): 54-66
Luu V. Q., Calame T., Nguyen T. Q., Bonkwoski M., Ziegler T. 2015. A new species of Cyrtodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from the limestone forest of Khammouane Province, central Laos. Zootaxa, 4058(3): 388-402
Luu V. Q., Nguyen T. Q., Do H. Q., Ziegler T. 2011. A new Cyrtodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Huong Son limestone forest, Hanoi, northern Vietnam. Zootaxa, 3129: 39-50
Luu V. Q., Nguyen T. Q., Le M. D., Bonkowski M., Ziegler T. 2016b. A new species of karst-dwelling bent-toed gecko (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Khammouane Province, central Laos. Zootaxa, 4079(1): 87-102
Mayerl C., Baeckens S., Damme R. V. 2015. Evolution and role of the follicular epidermal gland system innon-ophidian squamates. Amphibia-Reptilia, 36: 185-206
Kearse M., Moir R., Wilson A., Stones-Havas S., Cheung M., Sturrock S., Buxton S., Cooper A., Markowitz S., Duran C., Thierer T., Ashton B., Meintjes P., Drummond A. 2012. Geneious basic: an integrated and extendable desktop software platform for the organization and analysis of sequence data. Bioinformatics, 28(12): 1647-1649
Myers N., Mittermeier R. A., Mittermeier C. G., da Fonseca G. A. B., Kent J. 2000. Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities. Nature, 403: 854-858
National Bureau of Statistics of China. 2011. The report of the sixth national population census of China. Retrieved from http://www. stats.gov.cn/zgrkpc/dlc/
Nazarov R. A., Pauwels O. S. G., Konstantinov E. L., Chulisov A. S., Orlov N. L., Poryakov N. A. 2018. A new karst-dwelling bent-toed gecko (Squamata: Gekkonidae: Cyrtodactylus) from Xiangkhoang Province, northeastern Laos. Zool Res, 39(3): 197-213
Nazarov R. A., Poyarkov Jr N. A., Orlov N. L., Nguyen N. S., Milto K. D., Martynov A. A., Konstantinov E. L., Chulisov A. S. 2014. A review of genus Cyrtodactylus (Reptilia: Sauria: Gekkonidae) in fauna of Laos with description of four new species. Proceedings ZIN, 318(4): 391-423
Nguyen S. N., Le T. N. T., Tran T. A. D., Orlov N. L., Lathrop A., Macculloch R. D., Le T. D. T., Jin J. Q., Nguyen L. T., Nguyen T. T., Hoang D. D., Che J., Murphy R. W., Zhang Y. P. 2013. Phylogeny of the Cyrtodactylus irregularis species complex (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Vietnam with the description of two new species. Zootaxa, 3737(4): 399-414
Nguyen S. N., Yang J., Le T. T., Nguyen L. T., Orlov N. L., Hoang C. V., Nguyen T. Q., Jin J., Rao D., Hoang T. N., Che J., Murphy R. W., Zhang Y. 2014. DNA barcoding of Vietnamese bent-toed geckos (Squamata: Gekkonidae: Cyrtodactylus) and the description of a new species. Zootaxa, 3784(1): 48-66
Nguyen T. Q., Kingsada P., R?sler H., Auer M., Ziegler T. 2010. A new species of Cyrtodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from northern Laos. Zootaxa, 2652: 1-16
Nguyen T. Q., Le M. D., Pham A. V., Ngo H. N., Hoang C. V., Pham C. T., Ziegler T. 2015. Two new species of Cyrtodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from the karst forest of Hoa Binh Province, Vietnam. Zootaxa, 3985(3): 375-390
Nguyen T. Q., Pham A.V., Ziegler T., Ngo H. T., Le M. D. 2017. A new species of Cyrtodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) and the first record of C. otai from Son La Province, Vietnam. Zootaxa, 4341 (1): 25-40
Nicodemo P., Bain R. H. 2007. Geographic distribution note on Dendrelaphis ngansonensis in China. Herpetol Rev, 38: 355
Pauwels O. S. G., Nazarov R. A., Bobrov V. V., Poyarkov N. A. 2018. Taxonomic status of two populations of bent-toed geckos of the Cyrtodactylus irregularis complex (Squamata: Gekkonidae) with description of a new species from Nui Chua National Park, southern Vietnam. Zootaxa, 4403(2): 307-335
Pauwels O. S., Sumontha M., Bauer A. M. 2016. A new bent-toed gecko (Squamata: Gekkonidae: Cyrtodactylus) from Phetchaburi Province, Thailand. Zootaxa, 4088(3), 409-419
Pham A. V., Le M. D., Ngo H. T., Ziegler T., Nguyen T. Q. 2019. A new species of Cyrtodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from northwestern Vietnam. Zootaxa, 4544(3): 360-380
Pimm S. L., Jenkins C. N., Abell R., Brooks T. M., Gittleman J. L., Joppa L. N., Raven P. H., Roberts C. M., Sexton J. O. 2014. The biodiversity of species and their rates of extinction, distribution, and protection. Science, 344: 1246752
Ren J., Wang K., Nguyen T. T., Hoang C. V., Zhong G. H., Jiang K., Guo P., Li J. 2018. Taxonomic re-uation of the monotypic genus Pararhabdophis Bourret, 1934 (Squamata: Colubridae: Natricinae) with discovery of its type species, P. chapaensis, from China. Zootaxa, 4486: 31-56
Schneider N., Nguyen T. Q., Le M. D., Nophaseud L., Bonkwoski M., Ziegler T. 2014. A new species of Cyrtodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from the karst forest of northern Laos. Zootaxa, 3835(1): 80-96
Schneider N., Luu V. Q., Sitthivong, S., Teynié A., Le M. D., Nguyen T. Q., Ziegler T. 2020. Two new species of Cyrtodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from northern Laos, including new finding and expanded diagnosis of C. bansocesis. Zootaxa, 4822(4): 503-530
Shi L., Zhao H. 2010. A new species of Cyrtodactylus (Reptilia: Squamata: Geckkonidae) from Xizang Autonomous Region, China. Zootaxa, 2336: 51-60
Sitthivong S., Luu V. Q., Ha N. V., Nguyen T. Q., Ziegler T. 2019. A new species of Cyrtodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Vientiane Province, northern Laos. Zootaxa, 4701(3): 257-275
Uetz P., Freed P., Ho?ek J. (eds.) 2020. The Reptile Database. Retrieved from http://www.reptile-database.org
Wang K., Jiang K., Wang Y., Poyarkov N. A. J., Che J., Siler C. D. 2018. Rediscovery of Japalura chapaensis Bourret, 1937 (Reptilia: Squamata: Agamidae) from Southeast Yunnan Province, China. Zool Res, 39, 105-113
Wang K., Ren J., Chen H., Lyu Z., Guo X., Jiang K., Chen J., Li, J., Guo P., Wang Y., Che J. 2020. The updated checklists of amphibians and reptiles of China. Biodivers Sci, 28 (2): 189-218
Wang Y., Lau M., Yang J., Chen G., Liu Z., Pang H., Liu Y. 2015. A new species of the genus Odorrana (Amphibia: Ranidae) and the first record of Odorrana bacboensis from China. Zootaxa, 3999: 235-254
Weisrock D. W., Macey J. R., Ugurtas I. H., Larson A., Papenfuss T. J. 2001. Molecular phylogenetics and historical biogeography among Salamandrids of the “true” Salamander Clade: rapid branching of numerous highly divergent lineages in Mertensiella luschani associated with the rise of Anatolia. Mol Phylogenet Evol, 18(3): 434-448
Yuan S., Rao D. 2011. A new record of a Gekkonid (Cyrtodactylus wayakonei) from Yunnan, China. Zool Res, 32(6): 684-688
Yuan Z., Jin J., Li J., Stuart B. L., Wu J. 2018. A new species of cascade frog (Amphibia: Ranidae) in the Amolops monticola group from China. Zootaxa, 4415(3): 498-512
Yuan Z., Liu X., Wang K., Wang J., Chen J., Jin J., Wei P., Zhou J., Che J. 2019. Nidirana chapaensis (Bourret, 1937), one additional anuran species for the amphibian fauna of China. Zootaxa, 4571: 580-588
Ziegler T., Phung T. M., Le M. D., Nguyen T. Q. 2013. A new Cyrtodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Phu Yen Province, southern Vietnam. Zootaxa, 3686(4): 432-446
Zhao E., Zhao K., Zhou K. 1999. Editorial committee of fauna sinica, fauna sinica, Reptilia, Squamata, Lacertilia. Beijing, China: Science Press
Zhang M., Han F., Ye J., Ni Q., Li Y., Yao Y., Xu H. 2018. The entire mitochondrial genome of Vietnam warty newt Paramesotriton deloustali (Salamandridae: Paramesotriton) with a new distribution record from China. Conserv Genet Resour, 10: 551-554

更新日期/Last Update: 2021-09-25