[1].Embryonic Growth and Yolk Depletion during Incubation in the Chinese Skink, Plestiodon chinensis[J].Asian Herpetological Research,2019,10(1):56-61.[doi:10.16373/j.cnki.ahr.180094]
 Li MA,Kun GUO,Shan SU and Xiang JI*.Embryonic Growth and Yolk Depletion during Incubation in the Chinese Skink, Plestiodon chinensis[J].Asian Herpetological Research(AHR),2019,10(1):56-61.[doi:10.16373/j.cnki.ahr.180094]
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Embryonic Growth and Yolk Depletion during Incubation in the Chinese Skink, Plestiodon chinensis()
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Asian Herpetological Research[ISSN:2095-0357/CN:51-1735/Q]

卷:
10
期数:
2019年1期
页码:
56-61
栏目:
出版日期:
2019-03-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Embryonic Growth and Yolk Depletion during Incubation in the Chinese Skink, Plestiodon chinensis
文章编号:
AHR-2018-0094
Author(s):
Li MA Kun GUO Shan SU and Xiang JI*
Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Biodiversity and Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, China
Keywords:
egg incubation embryonic growth embryonic stage Plestiodon chinensis scincid lizard yolk depletion
DOI:
10.16373/j.cnki.ahr.180094
Abstract:
We collected 24 gravid female Chinese skinks (Plestiodon chinensis) to study embryonic growth and yolk depletion during incubation. Females laid eggs between late May and mid-June. Eggs were incubated at 24 (± 0.3) °C. One egg from each clutch was dissected at 5-d intervals starting at laying. Embryonic stages at laying varied from Dufaure and Hubert’s (1961) Stage 30?35, with a mean stage of 32.6. Incubation lengths at 24 °C varied from 35.1 to 48.3 d, with a mean of 41.5 d. Based on the derived functions describing instantaneous changes in embryo dry mass and yolk dry mass, we identified three phases of embryonic growth or yolk depletion in P. chinensis. Phase 1, from Day 0 (at laying) to Day 15 (~36% of the way through incubation), was one of minimal transfer of material from yolk to embryo. Phase 2, from Day 15 to Day 32?33 (~77%?80% of the way through incubation), was characterized by increasingly rapid embryonic growth or yolk depletion. Phase 3, from Day 32?33 to hatching, was characterized by reduced embryonic growth or yolk depletion. The length of the last embryonic stage (Stage 40 = completely differentiated embryos) accounted for about 28% of incubation length, and the dry mass of the smallest embryos of Stage 40 accounted for only ~48% of the hatchling dry mass. Our study adds evidence to the idea that oviposition is not timed to coincide with the onset of rapid embryonic growth in oviparous reptiles, and is first to demonstrate that ~50% embryonic growth occurs in the last quarter of incubation in P. chinensis.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2019-03-25