[1].[J].Asian Herpetological Research,2014,5(3):204-208.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1245.2014.00204]
 Paria PARTO,Zahra M. S. HAGHIGHI,Somaye VAISSI and Mozafar SHARIFI*.Microbiological and Histological Examinations of Endangered Neurergus kaiseri Tissues Displaying Red-leg Syndrome[J].Asian Herpetological Research(AHR),2014,5(3):204-208.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1245.2014.00204]


Asian Herpetological Research[ISSN:2095-0357/CN:51-1735/Q]

Original Article


Microbiological and Histological Examinations of Endangered Neurergus kaiseri Tissues Displaying Red-leg Syndrome
Paria PARTO1 Zahra M. S. HAGHIGHI2 Somaye VAISSI1 and Mozafar SHARIFI1*
1 Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Razi University, Baghabrisham 6714967346, Kermanshah, Iran
2 Faculty of Veterinary Science, Department of basic Science, Razi University, Baghabrisham 6714967346, Kermanshah, Iran
Neurergus kaiseri red-leg syndrome lethargy abdominal skin redness skin ulcers
Presence of the red leg syndrome (RLS) was documented through bacterial and histological examinations in the endangered Kaiser’s mountain newt Neurergus kaiseri obtained from a pet shop. The individuals which were severely infected showed lethargy, appetite loss, weight loss, abdominal skin redness and skin ulcers on hind legs. This study reveals the presence of two bacteria causing RLS on the skin of captive N. kaiseri including Proteus vulgaris and Bacillus cereus. Sections of skin in affected areas and internal organs were examined through standard histological procedures. Histologically, epidermal necrosis and ulcers, epidermal gland depletion, myositis and subcutaneous edema, gastric submucosal edema and hepatomegaly were seen. There were also correlations between the microbial infection and structural changes in tissues of Kaiser’s mountain newt. The severity of the structural changes are related to the level of microbial infection in the target organs and could be sustained by the isolation of P. vulgaris and other pathogens. The presence of the infective bacterial population and their interaction on the skin of the newt may have changed the normal skin flora and facilitate the prevalence of other disease.


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