[1].Morphology of Kaloula rugifera and K. borealis Tadpoles (Anura: Microhylidae: Kaloula verrucosa Group) in China[J].Asian Herpetological Research,2011,2(3):169-175.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1245.2011.00169]
 Bing ZHOU,Pipeng LI*,Yuyan LU,et al.Morphology of Kaloula rugifera and K. borealis Tadpoles (Anura: Microhylidae: Kaloula verrucosa Group) in China[J].Asian Herpetological Research(AHR),2011,2(3):169-175.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1245.2011.00169]

Morphology of Kaloula rugifera and K. borealis Tadpoles (Anura: Microhylidae: Kaloula verrucosa Group) in China()

Asian Herpetological Research[ISSN:2095-0357/CN:51-1735/Q]

Original Article


Morphology of Kaloula rugifera and K. borealis Tadpoles (Anura: Microhylidae: Kaloula verrucosa Group) in China
Bing ZHOU123 Pipeng LI13* Yuyan LU3 Jing LIAN3 and Zhengyan ZHOU3
1 Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, Liaoning, China
2 Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, China
3 Institute of Herpetology and Liaoning Key Lab of Evolution and Biodiversity, Shenyang Normal University, Shenyang 110034, Liaoning, China
tadpole external morphology oral disc internal oral feature taxonomy
The external morphology and internal oral features of the tadpoles of Kaloula rugifera and K. borealis are described in this paper. Similarities between these two larvae include external morphology, oral disc, internal oral features (floor and roof), terminal mouth, lateral eyes, single midventral spiracle, absence of keratinized jaw sheaths and labial teeth, absence of lingual papillae and postnarial arena, while the body of K. rugifera is bigger than that of K. borealis at stages from 36 to 39 and the number of papillae in the buccal cavity is 12–19 and 9–16, respectively in the two species. All the similarities and differences of the two species illustrate that the tadpoles within the family Microhylidae could be attributed to assistance in clarifying a certain taxonomic treatment in Microhylidae.


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