[1].Population Variation and Food Habits of Ranid Frogs in the Rice-Based Cropping System in Gujranwala Region, Pakistan[J].Asian Herpetological Research,2010,1(2):122-130.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1245.2010.00122]
 Saima Yousaf,Tariq Mahmood*,Muhammad Rais and Irfan Zia Qureshi.Population Variation and Food Habits of Ranid Frogs in the Rice-Based Cropping System in Gujranwala Region, Pakistan[J].Asian Herpetological Research(AHR),2010,1(2):122-130.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1245.2010.00122]

Population Variation and Food Habits of Ranid Frogs in the Rice-Based Cropping System in Gujranwala Region, Pakistan()

Asian Herpetological Research[ISSN:2095-0357/CN:51-1735/Q]

Original Article


Population Variation and Food Habits of Ranid Frogs in the Rice-Based Cropping System in Gujranwala Region, Pakistan
Saima Yousaf1 Tariq Mahmood1* Muhammad Rais1 and Irfan Zia Qureshi2
1 Department of Wildlife Management, PMAS Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi 46000, Pakistan
2 Laboratory of Animal Physiology, Department of Animal Sciences Quaid-I-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan
frog paddy field insect diet
The current study aims to investigate the population variation and food habits of ranid frogs in the rice-based cropping system in District Gujranwala, Pakistan. The population in the study area was estimated using capture, mark and release method whereas food habits of the species were studied by analysis of stomach contents. The results showed the highest average population was found during August 2009 (93.10 ± 18.64 /ha) while the lowest from December 2008 to February 2009. Maximum seasonal populations existed in summer 2009, whereas winter 2008 sizes were at a minimum. Stomach content analysis of the species revealed percent frequency (% F) of occurrence of insects (80.3), earthworms (28.5), whole frogs (15.8), bone pieces (22.5), rodents (1.66), vegetation (5.0), soil particles (13.3) and some unidentified material (7.5) in all the stomach samples. Most frequently consumed prey items were insects (30% by volume), although frogs also preyed upon conspecifics and rodents. Insects recovered from the stomach contents were identified as belonging to Orthoptera, Lepidoptera, Coleoptera, Diptera, Odonata and Homoptera as well as the class Archnida. Insects recovered from the stomach contents were compared to those captured from the study area.


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