Elsa May Delima BARON,Mark Oliver D. MARIN,Benjo A. LOGRAMONTE and Alma B. MOHAGAN.Species Account of Anurans from the Western Slope of Mt. Kitanglad, Mindanao Island, Philippines[J].Asian Herpetological Research(AHR),2021,12(1):76-87.[doi:10.16373/j.cnki.ahr.200049]
Click Copy

Species Account of Anurans from the Western Slope of Mt. Kitanglad, Mindanao Island, Philippines
Share To:

Asian Herpetological Research[ISSN:2095-0357/CN:51-1735/Q]

2021 VoI.12 No.1
Research Field:
Publishing date:


Species Account of Anurans from the Western Slope of Mt. Kitanglad, Mindanao Island, Philippines
Elsa May Delima BARON*12 Mark Oliver D. MARIN2 Benjo A. LOGRAMONTE2 and Alma B. MOHAGAN2
1 Biology, Natural Sciences, and Math Division, Arts and Sciences Department, San Pedro College, Davao City 8000, Mindanao, Philippines
2 Biology Department, College of Arts and Sciences, Central Mindanao University, Musuan, Bukidnon 8714, Mindanao, Philippines
key biodiversity area Mindanao faunal region Philippine endemic anurans upper elevation forests wildlife inventory in Mindanao
The Mt. Kitanglad Range is one of the country’s important key biodiversity sites; however, information about anuran diversity in this protected area remains depauperate. Herein we provided accounts of anuran species from high-elevation forests, in three sites of the western slope of Mt. Kitanglad range. The combined belt-transect sampling and microhabitat searches accounted for 13 species representing five families. The most represented family was Rhacophoridae with five representative species of the genus Philautus. Twelve out of the 13 species ed in the current survey are endemic. Four previously unaccounted species (Pelophryne brevipes, Pulchrana grandocula, Sanguirana mearnsi, and Philautus surrufus) were added and brought the total anurans known from Mt. Kitanglad to 26 species. Most of the species were also recorded in forested sites, suggestive of their lesser affinity to non-forested ecosystems. The additional species detected during our survey may also imply that full understanding of anuran diversity of Mt. Kitanglad remains far from complete.


Alcala A., Custodio C. 1995. Status of endemic Philippine amphibian populations. Sylvatrop, 5(1 and 2): 72–86
Alcala A. C., Brown W. 1998. Philippine amphibians: An illustrated fieldguide. Philippines, Bookmark
Alcala E., Alcala A., Dolino C. 2004. Amphibian and reptiles in tropical rainforest fragments on Negros Island, the Philippines. Environ Conserv J, 31(3): 254–261
Alcala A., Bucol A., Diesmos A., Brown R. 2012. Vulnerability of Philippine amphibians to climate change. Philipp J Sci, 141(1): 77–87
Almeria M., Nu?eza O. 2013. Diet of seven anuran species (Amphibia: Anura) in Agusan Marsh, Mindanao, Philippines. ABAH Bioflux, 5(1): 116–126
Amoroso V. B. 2000. Status, species richness, and ecosystem diversity in Mindanao Islands In: Saving the Hotspots of the hotspots. Proceedings of the National Biodiversity Conservation Priority-Setting Workshop Mindanao Regional Consultation, 17–32
Angelini C., Altieri A. H., Silliman B. R., Bertness M. D. 2011. Interactions among foundation species and their consequences for community organization, biodiversity, and conservation. BioScience, 61: 782–789
Aureo W., Bande M. 2017. Anurans species diversity and composition along the successional gradient of the evergreen rainforest in Silago, Southern Leyte, Philippines. IJSRES, 5(3): 82–90
Baron E. M., Mohagan A. B., Leano E. P., Amoroso V. B. 2019. Philautus (Bush Frogs) species from montane forest of Marilog District, Davao City, Southern Mindanao, Philippines. Environ Nat Resour J, 17(2): 62–70
Bickford D., Howard S., Ng D., Sheridan J. 2010. Impacts of climate change on the amphibians and reptiles of Southeast Asia. Biodivers Conserv, 19: 1043–1062
Binaday J., Amarga A., Barrameda Jr. E., Bonagua B. 2017. Amphibians and reptiles in the vicinity of Bulusan Lake, Bulusan Volcano Natural Park, Sorsogon, Philippines. Philipp J Sci, 146(3): 339–351
Brown W., Alcala A. C. 1994. Philippine frogs of the family Rhacophoridae. Proc Calif Acad Sci, 48(10): 185–220
Brown R., McGuire J., Ferner J., Icarangal Jr. N., Kennedy R. 2000. Amphibians and Reptiles of Luzon Island, II. Preliminary Report of the Herpetofauna of Aurora Memorial National Park, Philippines. Hamadryad, 25(2): 175–195
Brown R., Diesmos A., Alcala A. 2001. The state of Philippine herpetology and the challenges for the next decade. Silliman J, 42(1): 18–87
Brown R. M., Guttman S. 2002. Phylogenetic systematics of the Rana signata complex of Philippine and Bornean stream frogs: Reconsideration of Huxley’s modification of Wallace’s Line at the Oriental-Australian faunal zone interface. Biol J Linn Soc, 76: 393–461
Brown R. M., Siler C. D., Diesmos A. C., Alcala A. C. 2009. The Philippine Frogs of the Genus Leptobrachium (Anura; Megophryidae) phylogeny-based species delimitation, taxonomic revision, and descriptions of three new species. Herpetol Monogr, 23: 1–44
Brown R., Oliveros C., Siler C., Fernandez J., Welton L., Buenavente P., Diesmos M., Diesmos A. 2012. Amphibians and reptiles of Luzon Island (Philippines) VII: Herpetofauna of Ilocos Norte Province, Northern Cordillera Mountain Range. Checklist, 8(3): 469–490
Brown R., Prue A., Onn C., Gaulke M., Sanguila M., Siler C. 2017. Taxonomic reappraisal of the Northeast Mindanao stream frog, Sanguirana albotuberculata (Inger, 1954), validation of Rana mearnsi, Stejneger 1905, and description of a new species from the central Philippines. Herpetol Monogr, 31(1): 182–203
Bruno A., Macas D., Buenavista D., Medina M., Forten R. 2017. Amphibian and reptile diversity in Mt. Kalatungan Range Natural Park, Philippines. Environ Exp Bot, 15: 127–135
Calo T., Nu?eza O. 2015. Species richness and endemism of anurans in Bega Watershed, Prosperidad, Agusan del Sur, Philippines. JBES, 7(3): 1–14
Coritico F. P., Sinamban E. B., Mohagan A. B., Amoroso V. B. 2018. Preliminary Report on the Anurans of Mt. Pantaron Range, Bukidnon, Central Mindanao, the Philippines. J Nat Sci Res, 17(1): 9–23
Cruz P., Afuang L., Gonzales J., Gruezo W. 2018. Amphibians and reptiles of Luzon Island, Philippines: the herpetofauna of Pantabangan –Carranglan Watershed, Nueva Ecija Province, Caraballo Mountain Range. Asian Herpetol Res, 9(4): 201–223
Dacalus C., Calunsag A., Hoshino L, Peralta D., Baron E. M. 2017. Anuran assemblage on forest edges of Datu Salumay, Davao City, Philippines. UMIMRJ, 2(1): 1–7
Delima E. M., Ates F., Iba?ez J. C. 2006. Species Composition and Microhabitats of Frogs within Arakan Valley Conservation Area, Cotabato, Mindanao Island, Philippines. Banwa, 3(2): 16–30
Delima E., Diesmos A., Iba?ez J. 2007. The Herpetological Importance of Mt. Hamiguitan Range, Mindanao Island, Philippines. Banwa, 4: 27–40.
Diesmos A. C. 1998. The amphibian faunas of Mount Banahao, Mount Cristobal, and Mount Maquiling, Luzon Island, Philippines. unpublished M.Sc. Thesis, University of the Philippines Los Ba?os, Laguna, Philippines
Diesmos A., Brown R., Gee G. 2004. Preliminary report on the amphibians and reptiles of Balbalasang-Balbalan National Park, Luzon Island, Philippines. Sylvatrop, 13(1 and 2): 63–80
Diesmos A., Diesmos M., Brown R. 2006. Status and distribution of alien invasive frogs in the Philippines. J Environ Sci Manag, 9(2): 41–53
Diesmos A., Watters J., Huron N., Davis D., Alcala A., Crobie R., Afuang L., Das G., Sison R., Sanguila M., Penrod M., Labonte M., Davey C., Leone A., Diesmos M., Sy E., Welton L., Brown R., Siler C. 2015. Amphibians of the Philippines, Part 1: Checklist of the Species. Proc Calif Acad Sci, 62(20): 457–539
Gaston K. J. 2000. Global patterns in biodiversity. Nature, 405: 220–227
Gaulke M. 2011. The herpetofauna of Panay Island, Philippines – An illustrated field guide. Frankfurt Contribution to Natural History 48, Edition Chimaira, Franfurt em Main, Germany
Frost D. 2020. Amphibian Species of the World: An Online Reference. Version 6.0 (24, February 2020). Electronic Database accessible at http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.html.American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA
Heaney L. R., Peterson A. T. 1992. Inventory of the vertebrates of Mt. Kitanglad Nature Park. Field Museum of Natural History, USA
Heye W. R., Donnelly M. A., McDiarmid R. W., Hayek L. A. C., Foster M. S. 1994. Measuring and monitoring biological diversity: Standard methods for amphibians. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press
Hillers A., Veith M., Rodel M. 2008. Effects of forest fragmentation and habitat degradation on West African leaf-litter frogs. Conserv Biol, 22(3): 762–772
Inger R. F. 1954. Systematics and zoogeography of Philippine amphibia. Fieldiana, 33: 181–531
Mallari N., Tabaranza Jr. B., Crosby M. 2001. Key Conservation Sites in the Philippines. Philippines: Bookmark Inc
McLeod D., Siler C., Diesmos A., Diesmos M., Garcia V., Arkonceo A., Balaquit K., Uy C., Villaseran M., Yarra E., Brown R. 2011. Amphibians and Reptiles of Luzon Island V: The Herpetofauna of Angat Dam Watershed, Bulacan Province, Luzon Island, Philippines. Asian Herpetol Res, 2(4): 177–198
Mohagan A. B., Nu?eza O., Diesmos A., Escarlos Jr. J., Garcia Jr. A., Selpa E., Baguhin L., Coritico F., Amoroso V. B. 2018. Anuran Species Richness and Endemism in Four Long-Term Ecological Research Sites in Mindanao, Philippines. Asian J Conserv, 7(2): 83–91
Nu?eza O., Ates F., Alicante A. 2010. Distribution of endemic and threatened herpetofauna in Mt. Malindang, Mindanao, Philippines. Biodivers Conserv, 19: 502–518
Piedrahita C., Navas C., Crawford A. 2017. Life on the edge: a comparative study of ecophysiological adaptations of frogs to tropical semiarid environments. Physiol Biochem Zool, 91 (1): 740–756
Pili A., Sy E., Diesmos M., Diesmos A. 2019. Island Hopping in a Biodiversity Hotspot Archipelago: Reconstructed Invasion History and Updated Status and Distribution of Alien Frogs in the Philippines. Pac Sci, 73(3): 321–343
Plaza J., Sanguila M. 2015. Preliminary report on the anurans of Mt. Hilong-Hilong, Agusan del Norte, Eastern Mindanao, Philippines. Asian Herpetol Res, 6(1): 18–33
Sanguila M., Siler C., Diesmos A., Nu?eza O., Brown R. 2011. Phylogeography, geographic structure, genetic variation, and potential species boundaries in Philippines slender toads. Mol Phylogenet Evol, 61: 333–350
Sanguila M., Cobb K., Siler C., Diesmos A., Alcala A., Brown R. 2016. The amphibians and reptiles of Mindanao Island, southern Philippines, II: the herpetofauna of northeast Mindanao and adjacent islands. ZooKeys, 624: 1–132
Scheffers B., Phillips B., Laurance W., Sodhi N., Diesmos A., Williams S. 2013. Increasing arboreality with altitude: A novel biogeographic dimension. Prco R Soc B, 280: http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2013.1581
Siler C., McVay J., Diesmos A., Brown R. 2009. A new species of fanged frog, Genus Limnonectes (Amphibia: Anura: Dicroglossidae) from Southeast Mindanao Island, Philippines. Herpetologica, 65(1): 105–114
Siler C., Welton L., Siler J., Brown J., Bucol A., Diesmos A., Brown R. 2011. Amphibians and reptiles, Luzon Island, Aurora Province and Aurora Memorial National Park, Northern Philippines: New island distribution records. Checklist, 7(2): 182–195
Supsup C., Guinto F., Redoblado B., Gomez R. 2017. Amphibians and reptiles from the Mt. Hamiguitan Range of eastern Mindanao Island, Philippines: New distribution records. Checklist, 13(3): https://doi.org/10.15560/13.3.2121
Warguez D., Mondejar E., Demayo C. 2013. Frogs and their microhabitat preferences in the agricultural and secondary forest areas in the vicinity of Mt. Kalatungan Mountain, Bukidnon, Philippines. Int Res J Biol Sci, 2(10): 51–63


Last Update: 2021-03-25