Yan CAO,Jiangyan SHEN,Xiaocui WANG,et al.Effects of Dietary Protein Variations at Different Life-stages on Vocal Dominance of the African Clawed Frogs[J].Asian Herpetological Research(AHR),2020,11(3):249-256.[doi:10.16373/j.cnki.ahr.200003]
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Effects of Dietary Protein Variations at Different Life-stages on Vocal Dominance of the African Clawed Frogs
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Asian Herpetological Research[ISSN:2095-0357/CN:51-1735/Q]

2020 VoI.11 No.3
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Effects of Dietary Protein Variations at Different Life-stages on Vocal Dominance of the African Clawed Frogs
Yan CAO123 Jiangyan SHEN13 Xiaocui WANG13 Song TAN13 Ping LI13 Jianghong RAN2 Yezhong TANG1* and Jingfeng CHEN1*
1 Thematic Area of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services, Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, Sichuan, China
2 Key Laboratory of Bio-Resources and Eco-Environment of Ministry of Education, College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, Sichuan, China
3 University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
aggression developmental effects environmental-matching silver spoon social status vocal competition Xenopus laevis
How nutritional conditions during early development affect an organism’s phenotype at adulthood is still poorly understood despite a plethora of research on developmental plasticity. The “environmental matching” hypothesis predicts that individuals will have high fitness providing that their adult environment “matches” what they experienced during development. In contrast, the “silver spoon” hypothesis predicts that individuals who obtain better developmental resources will be generally superior. Here we tested these two hypotheses and examined the underlying hormonal mechanisms by manipulating the early dietary protein content of African clawed frogs (Xenopus laevis) for a year with a 2×2 factorial experimental design. We found that only a low-protein food during development enhanced the vocal competition ability of male X. laevis, and that vocal dominance was associated with higher cortisol levels but not related with testosterone content. These results were not congruent with the “environmental matching” hypothesis or with the “silver spoon” hypothesis, suggesting the behavioral plasticity during development is more complex than our expectation in amphibians.


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Last Update: 2020-09-25