Anchalee AOWPHOL,Siriporn YODTHONG,Attapol RUJIRAWAN and Kumthorn THIRAKHUPT.Mitochondrial Diversity and Phylogeographic Patterns of Gekko gecko (Squamata: Gekkonidae) in Thailand[J].Asian Herpetological Research(AHR),2019,10(3):158-169.[doi:10.16373/j.cnki.ahr.180087]
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Mitochondrial Diversity and Phylogeographic Patterns of Gekko gecko (Squamata: Gekkonidae) in Thailand
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Asian Herpetological Research[ISSN:2095-0357/CN:51-1735/Q]

2019 VoI.10 No.3
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Mitochondrial Diversity and Phylogeographic Patterns of Gekko gecko (Squamata: Gekkonidae) in Thailand
Anchalee AOWPHOL1* Siriporn YODTHONG1 Attapol RUJIRAWAN1 and Kumthorn THIRAKHUPT2
1 Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Kasetsart University, Chatuchak, Bangkok 10900, Thailand
2 Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Pathumwan, Bangkok 10330, Thailand
genetic structure haplotype Gekkonidae mitochondrial DNA human-mediated transport
The Tokay Gecko, Gekko gecko (Linnaeus, 1758) is widely distributed in Asia and there have been concerns regarding locally decreasing populations due to overexploitation for traditional Chinese medicine. Previous studies of the genetic relationships of G. gecko populations included few populations from Thailand. Here we investigated the phylogeographic patterns of G. gecko from different regions in Thailand using mitochondrial cytochrome b sequences. Phylogenetic analyses revealed two lineages: one (Lineage A) comprising populations from Laos, Vietnam, and Thailand; and a second (Lineage B) comprising three genetically distinct groups within Thailand alone. Some Thai populations were found to have both lineages represented within them. Highly significant genetic differentiation (FST) showed geographic population structuring in Lineage B, indicating limited gene flow among groups in Thailand. Although G. gecko has a wide distribution and is well adapted to human habitation, the observed genetic structure could potentially be explained by geographic barriers such as mountain ranges. In Lineage A, our study provided primary phylogeographic evidence for lineage mixture that might be a result of human-mediated transport. Future research should include more extensive sampling across the geographic distribution of G. gecko and a landscape genetics approach could be applied for conservation planning.


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Last Update: 2019-09-25