Xia QIU,Jinzhong FU and Yin QI.Tail Waving Speed Affects Territorial Response in the Toad-headed Agama Phrynocephalus vlangalii[J].Asian Herpetological Research(AHR),2018,9(3):182-187.[doi:10.16373/j.cnki.ahr.180037]
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Tail Waving Speed Affects Territorial Response in the Toad-headed Agama Phrynocephalus vlangalii
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Asian Herpetological Research[ISSN:2095-0357/CN:51-1735/Q]

2018 VoI.9 No.3
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Tail Waving Speed Affects Territorial Response in the Toad-headed Agama Phrynocephalus vlangalii
Xia QIU Jinzhong FU and Yin QI*
Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China
tail display territorial response 3D animation playback Phrynocephalus vlangalii
Territorial response affects a resident’s access to resources and mates, but the response level is likely flexible due to the trade-off between benefits and costs. Residents have to decide the response based on their own quality, resource benefits and intruder threat. Here we examined the association between territorial response and intruder threat using a newly developed 3D animation in male Phrynocephalus vlangalii. Three intruder stimuli (fast tail waving plus tail coil, slow tail waving plus tail coil and tail coil only) were animated based on display characters of real male P. vlangalii, and played to the resident in the field using a within subject design. We found that residents who faced fast tail waving plus tail coil displays more often emerged from their burrows compared with those faced slow tail waving plus tail coil displays and tail coil only displays, suggesting high speed tail waving display likely encodes high threat and triggers high territorial response. We also found that residents who faced slow tail waving plus tail coil displays opted to stay in the burrow compared with those faced tail coil only displays, suggesting slow tail waving display likely encodes low threat and functions in social conflict alleviation. Taken together, our study casts important insight on the association between intruder tail waving speed and resident’s territorial response, and provides some evidence that intruder tail waving speed is positively associated with its threat level.


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Last Update: 2018-09-26