Masanao HONDA and Hidetoshi OTA.On the Live Coloration and Partial Mitochondrial DNA Sequences in Goniurosaurus kuroiwae orientalis (Squamata: Eublepharidae), with Description of a New Subspecies from Tokashikijima Island, Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan[J].Asian Herpetological Research(AHR),2017,8(2):96-107.[doi:10.16373/j.cnki.ahr.170003]
Click Copy

On the Live Coloration and Partial Mitochondrial DNA Sequences in Goniurosaurus kuroiwae orientalis (Squamata: Eublepharidae), with Description of a New Subspecies from Tokashikijima Island, Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan
Share To:

Asian Herpetological Research[ISSN:2095-0357/CN:51-1735/Q]

2017 VoI.8 No.2
Research Field:
Publishing date:


On the Live Coloration and Partial Mitochondrial DNA Sequences in Goniurosaurus kuroiwae orientalis (Squamata: Eublepharidae), with Description of a New Subspecies from Tokashikijima Island, Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan
Masanao HONDA1* and Hidetoshi OTA2
1 Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8572, Japan
2 Institute of Natural and Environmental Sciences, University of Hyogo, and Museum of Nature and Human Activities, Sanda, Hyogo 669-1546, Japan
Eublepharidae Goniurosaurus morphology taxonomy Ryukyu Archipelago
Careful investigations of live coloration and other characters in the eublepharid gecko Goniurosaurus kuroiwae orientalis from Tonakijima Island, the type locality of the subspecies in the Central Ryukyus, Japan, revealed its slight but consistent external differences from the consubspecific Tokashikijima population, whose phylogenetically divergent status against the former had been strongly suggested in a previous molecular study. A new subspecies, Goniurosaurus kuroiwae sengokui subsp. nov., is thus described for the Tokashikijima population. In life, Goniurosaurus k. sengokui subsp. nov. can be discriminated from G. k. orientalis in showing tint of reddish or pinkish, instead of yellowish, coloration in dorsal body pattern, and also usually darker and more or less reddish, instead of yellowish or grayish, iris in both adults and juveniles. Recalculation of sequence data at hand with relevant GenBank data confirmed substantial sequence divergences of G. k. sengokui from all other congeneric taxa of the Ryukyus described so far.


B?rner A. R. 1981. The genera of Asian eublepharine geckos and a hypothesis on their phylogeny. Misc Art in Saurol, 9: 1–14
Dickhoff A. 2004. Ein Tiger im Terrarium-Haltung und Nachzucht von Goniurosaurus araneus (Grismer, Viets & Boyle 1999). Draco, 5: 76–81
Grismer L. L. 1987. Evidence for the resurrection of Goniurosaurus barbour (Reptilia: Eublepharidae) with a discussion on geographic variation in Goniurosaurus lichtenfelderi. Acta Herpetol Sinica, 6: 43–47
Grismer L. L. 1988. The phylogeny, taxonomy, classification, and biogeography of eublepharid geckos (Reptilia: Squamata). In Estes R. (Ed.), Phylogenetic Relationships of the Lizard Families. California: Stanford University Press, 369–469
Grismer L. L. 2002. Goniurosaurus: ancient gekkos of the Far East. Gekko, 3: 22–28
Grismer L. L., Ota H., Tanaka S. 1994. Phylogeny, classification, and biogeography of Goniurosaurus kuroiwae (Squamata: Eublepharidae) from the Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan, with description of a new subspecies. Zool Sci, 11: 319–335
Grismer L. L., Viets B. E., Boyle L. J. 1999. Two new continental species of Goniurosaurus (Squamata: Eublepharidae) with a phylogeny and evolutionary classification of the genus. J Herpetol, 33: 382–393
Honda M. 2002. Conservation genetics of Goniurosaurus kuroiwae kuroiwae, with special reference to a population from the central part of Okinawajima Island, Ryukyu Archipelago. Akamata, (16): 15–18 (in Japanese)
Honda M., Kurita T., Toda M., Ota H. 2014. Phylogenetic relationships, genetic divergence, historical biogeography and conservation of an endangered gecko, Goniurosaurus kuroiwae (Squamata: Eublepharidae), from the Central Ryukyus, Japan. Zoo Sci, 31: 309–320
Kurita T., Kawamura R. 2011. New record of Goniurosaurus kuroiwae kuroiwae from Yagajijima Island of the Okinawa Group, Ryukyu Archipelago. Akamata, (22): 15–20 (in Japanese)
Maenosono T., Toda M. 2007. Distributions of amphibians and terrestrial reptiles in the Ryukyu Archipelago: a review of published record. Akamata, (18): 28–46 (in Japanese)
Maki M. 1930. A new banded gecko, Eublepharis orientalis, sp. nov. from Riu Kyu. Annot Zool Jpn, 13: 9–11
Nakamura K., Uéno S. I. 1963 Japanese Reptiles and Amphibians in Color. Osaka: Hoikusha
Nakamura Y., Takahashi A., Ota H. 2014. A new, recently extinct subspecies of the Kuroiwa’s Leopard Gecko, Goniurosaurus kuroiwae (Squamata: Eublepharidae), from Yoronjima Island of the Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan. Acta Herpetol, 9: 61–73
Okamoto T. 2017. Historical biogeography of the terrestrial reptiles of Japan: a comparative analysis of geographic ranges and molecular phylogenies. In: Motokawa M., Kajihara H. (Eds.), Species Diversity of Animals in Japan. Tokyo: Springer Japan, 135–163
Orlov N. L., Ryabov S. A., Nguyen T. T., Nguyen Q. T., Ho T. C. 2008. A new species of Goniurosaurus (Sauria: Gekkota: Eublepharidae) from north Vietnam. Russian J Herpetol, 15: 229–244
Ota H. 1989. A review of the gecko (Scincidae: Lacertilia) of the Ryukyu Archipelago and Taiwan. In Matsui M., Hikida T., Goris R. C. (Eds.), Current Herpetology in East Asia. Kyoto: Herpetological Society of Japan, 222–261
Ota H. 1997. An annotated catalogue of type specimens of amphibians and reptiles in the National Science Museum, Tokyo. Bull Nat Sci Mus Tokyo Ser A, 23: 221–232
Ota H. 1998. Geographic patterns of endemism and speciation in amphibians and reptiles of the Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan, with special reference to their paleogeographical implications: Res Popul Ecol, 40: 189–204
Ota, H. 2010. Goniurosaurus kuroiwae. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T40793A10356760. (downloaded on 08 December 2016)
Ota H., Masunaga G. 2004. Herpetofauna of the Kerama Islands of the Okinawa Group, Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan. Midori-ishi (15): 29–35 (in Japanese)
Ota H., Honda M., Kobayashi M., Sengoku S., Hikida T. 1999. Phylogenetic relationships of eublepharid geckos (Reptilia: Squamata): a molecular approach. Zool Sci, 16: 659–666
R Development Core Team. 2011. R: a language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna.
Sengoku S. 1979. Amphibians and Reptiles in Color. Tokyo: Ienohikari-kyokai
Seufer H., Kaverkin Y., Kirschner A. 2005. Die Lidgeckos. Keltern-Weiler: Kirschner und Seufer Verlag
Tanaka S. 1996. Goniurosaurus kuroiwae. In Sengoku S., Hikida T., Matsui M., Nakaya K. (Eds.), The Encyclopedia of Animals in Japan. Vol 5. Amphibians, Reptiles and Chondrichthyes. Tokyo: Heibonsha, 67–71 (in Japanese)
Tanaka S. 2005. Goniurosaurus kuroiwae. In Okinawa Prefectural Government, Nature Conservation Division, Department of Cultural and Environmental Affairs, Okinawa Prefectural Government (Ed.), Threatened Wildlife in Okinawa 2nd Ed (Animals), Red Data Okinawa. Naha: Okinawa Prefectural Government, 138–140 (in Japanese)
Torstrom S. M., Pangle K. L., Swanson B. J. 2014. Shedding subspecies: The influence of genetics on reptile subspecies taxonomy. Mol Phylogent Evol, 76: 134–143
Toyama M. 1983. Preliminary reports on the herpetological fauna of the Okinawa Islands, Ryukyu Archipelago (II). Bull Okinawa Pref Mus, 7: 6–22 (in Japanese)
Toyama M. 1984. Amphibians and Reptiles. In Ikehara S., Yonashiro Y., Miyagi K., Toyama, M. (Eds.), Handbook of the Animals of the Ryukyu Archipelago (I): Terrestrial Vertebrates. Naha: Shinsea-tosho Shuppan, 208–352 (in Japanese)
Toyama M., Ota H. 1991. Amphibians and reptiles of the Ryukyu Islands. In World Wildlife Fund, Japan (Ed.) Study of Essential Factors for Preservation of Wildlife in Nansei Islands. Tokyo: Japan Environmental Agency, 233–254 (in Japanese)
Uchida T. 1969. Rat-control procedures on the Pacific island, with special reference to the efficiency of the biological control agents. II. Efficiency of the Japanese weasel, Mustela sibirca itatsi Temminck & Schlegel, as a rat-control agent in the Rryukyus. Fac Agr Kyushu Univ, 15: 355–385
Wang Y. Y., Yang J. H., Cui R. F. 2010. A new species of Goniurosaurus (Squamata: Eublepharidae) from Yingde, Guangdong Province, China. Herpetologica, 66: 229–240
Wang Y. Y., Yang J. H., Grismer L. L. 2013. A new species of Goniurosaurus (Squamata: Eublepharidae) from Libo, Guizhou Province, China. Herpetologica, 69: 214–226
Wang Y. Y., Jin M. J., Li Y. L., Grismer L. L. 2014. Description of a new species of Goniurosaurus (Squamata: Eublepharidae) from the Guangdong Province, China, based on molecular and morphological data. Herpetologica, 70: 309–322
Wermuth H. 1965. Gekkonidae, Pygopodidae, Xantusidae. In Mertens R., Hennig W., Wermuth H. (Eds.), Das Tierreich Vol 80. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter and Co., 154–155
Werner Y. L., Takahashi H., Yasukawa Y., Ota H. 2004. The varied foraging mode of the subtropical eublepharid gecko Goniurosaurus kuroiwae orientalis. J Nat Hist, 38: 119–34
Yang J. H., Chan B. P. L. 2015. Two new species of the genus Goniurosaurus (Squamata: Sauria: Eublepharidae) from southern China. Zootaxa, 3980: 67–80
Ziegler T., Nguyen Q. T., Schmitz A., Stenke R., R?sler H. 2008. A new species of Goniurosaurus from Cat Ba Island, Hai Phong, northern Vietnam (Squamata: Eublepharidae). Zootaxa, 1771: 16–30


Last Update: 2017-06-25