Yi GENG,Matthew James GRAY,Kaiyu WANG,et al.Pathological Changes in Andrias davidianus Infected with Chinese Giant Salamander Ranavirus[J].Asian Herpetological Research(AHR),2016,7(4):258-264.[doi:10.16373/j.cnki.ahr.160030]
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Pathological Changes in Andrias davidianus Infected with Chinese Giant Salamander Ranavirus
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Asian Herpetological Research[ISSN:2095-0357/CN:51-1735/Q]

2016 VoI.7 No.4
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Pathological Changes in Andrias davidianus Infected with Chinese Giant Salamander Ranavirus
Yi GENG1* Matthew James GRAY2 Kaiyu WANG1 Defang CHEN3 Ping OUYANG1 Xiaoli HUANG3 Changliang HE1 Zhijun ZHONG1 and Zexiao YANG1
1 College of Veterinary Medicine, Sichuan Agricultural University, Ya’an 625014, Sichuan, China
2 Center for Wildlife Health, University of Tennessee, Knoxville TN 379, USA
3 Department of Aquaculture, Sichuan Agricultural University, Ya’an 625014, Sichuan, China
pathology CGSRV Andrias davidianus ranavirus China
Chinese giant salamander ranavirus (CGSRV) is an emerging pathogen in captive populations of the Chinese giant salamander (Andrias davidianus). We processed 140 morbid Chinese giant salamanders from seven captive breeding populations over five years, and describe the disease associated with CGSRV infection. The most common gross signs were significant swelling of the legs and coelomic cavity, erythema of the legs and ventrum in juveniles; cutaneous erosions and ulcerations in adults, particularly the limbs and the head; and marked petechial or ecchymotic hemorrhages of the internal organs, particularly the liver, spleen and kidney. Histological examination showed degeneration, necrosis, and inflammation in many organs, particularly in the organs where hemorrhage was observed. There was evidence of eosinophilic inclusion bodies in degenerated and necrotic cells. We identified virus particles and empty capsids without viral nucleoid in the inclusion bodies using electron microscopy. Virus particles were hexagonal or round shape, and appeared in paracrystalline arrays, aggregates, or singly. All enveloped viral particles were 140–160 nm. Polymerase chain reaction followed by sequencing verified that the virus particles were CGSRV. These results collectively support that CGSRV was the etiologic agent responsible for these mass die-offs of the Chinese giant salamander. The pathology described herein will be useful in diagnosing cases of ranaviral disease caused by CGSRV, and provide evidence that this pathogen is a significant threat to the Chinese giant salamander.


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Last Update: 2016-12-25