Teppei JONO,Li DING,Takuma KAITO,et al.Reevaluation of the Taxonomic Status of a Poorly Known Gecko, Gekko liboensis (Reptilia: Squamata)[J].Asian Herpetological Research(AHR),2015,6(3):229-236.[doi:10.16373/j.cnki.ahr.150009]
Click Copy

Reevaluation of the Taxonomic Status of a Poorly Known Gecko, Gekko liboensis (Reptilia: Squamata)
Share To:

Asian Herpetological Research[ISSN:2095-0357/CN:51-1735/Q]

2015 VoI.6 No.3
Research Field:
Publishing date:


Reevaluation of the Taxonomic Status of a Poorly Known Gecko, Gekko liboensis (Reptilia: Squamata)
Teppei JONO1* Li DING1 Takuma KAITO2 Yezhong TANG1 and Mamoru TODA3
1 Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041, China
2 Department of Chemistry, Biology and Marine Science, Graduate School of Engineering and Science, University of the Ryukyus, Nishihara, Okinawa 903-0213, Japan
3 Tropical Biosphere Research Center, University of the Ryukyus, Nishihara, Okinawa 903-0213, Japan
China East Asia Gekkonidae Gekko japonicus group taxonomy morphology
Gekko liboensis Zhou and Li, 1982 is a poorly known gecko originating from Libo, Guizhou, southern China. Since the original description based on a single female from Libo, only three specimens (two females and one juvenile) have been reported from the type locality. Because of its close morphological resemblance to G. hokouensis Pope, 1927, G. liboensis is required to be reevaluated for its taxonomic status by studies based on additional specimens. Here we report for the first time the morphological features of 31 newly obtained specimens of G. liboensis from type locality and others, including males, and compare them with those of related species, chiefly on the basis of information from the literature. In addition, specimen-based comparisons were also made with G. hokouensis and an undescribed cryptic species known from the Ryukyus Islands, Japan. Results showed that the species is distinguished from its congeners in having a larger body size (60–91 mm), 0–2 small internasals, 10–13 supralabials, 10–13 infralabials, smooth enlarged tubercles present on the dorsum forming 4–10 irregular rows at the midbody but absent on the four limbs and tail, both fingers and toes without developed interdigital webs, a single cloacal spur on each side, and 10–12 precloacal pores in males. It most resembles G. hokouensis and its cryptic species but is clearly differentiated by having a larger body size, a predominantly absent internasal, fewer number of dorsal tubercle rows, larger number of precloacal pores, and conspicuous white marks on the dorsum and head. Judging from these results, we confirmed the taxonomic validity of G. liboensis. In addition, the geographic distribution of this gecko on the basis of obtained data was briefly discussed.


Bauer A. M. 1994. Gekkonidae (Reptilia, Sauria), Part I Australia and Oceania. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, Germany: Das Tierreich 109 (Part)
Bauer A. M. 2013. Geckos: The Animal Answer Guide. Maryland, USA: Johns Hopkins University Press
Ellis M., Pauwels O. S. G. 2012. The bent-toed geckos (Cyrtodactylus) of the caves and karst of Thailand. Cave Karst Sci, 39: 16–22
Grismer L. L., Wood P. J. L., Anuar S., Muin M. A., Quah E. S. H., McGuire, J. A., Brown R. M., Ngo V. T., Hong T. P. 2013. Integrative taxonomy uncovers high levels of cryptic species diversity in Hemiphyllodactylus Bleeker, 1860 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) and the description of a new species from Peninsular Malaysia. Zool J Linn Soc, 169: 849–880
Grismer L. L., Wood P. J. L., Anuar S., Riyanto A., Ahmad N., Muin M. A., Sumontha M., Grismer J. L., Onn C. K., Quah E. S. H., Pauwels, O. S. A. 2014. Systematics and natural history of Southeast Asian Rock Geckos (genus Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887) with descriptions of eight new species from Malaysia, Thailand, and Indonesia. Zootaxa 3880: 1–147
Günther R. 1994. Eine neue Art der Gattung Gekko (Reptilia, Squamata, Gekkonidae) aus dem Süden Vietnams. Zool Anz 233: 57–67 (In Germany)
Henkel F. W., Schmidt W. 2003. Praxis Ratgeber Geckos. Frankfurt am Main, Germany: Edition Chimaira (In German)
Kluge A. G. 1993. Gekkonoid Lizard Taxonomy. San Diego, USA: International Gecko Society
Kluge A. G. 2001. Gekkotan lizard taxonomy. Hamadryad 26: 1–209
Linkem C. W., Siler C. D., Diesmos A. C., Brown R. M. 2010. A new species of Gekko (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from central Luzon Island, Philippines. Zootaxa 2396: 37–94
Luu, Q. V., Calame T., Nguyen T. Q., Le M. D., Bonkowski M., Ziegler T. 2014. A new species of the Gekko japonicus group (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from central Laos. Zootaxa 3895: 73–88
Matsui M., Ota H. 1995. On Chinese herpetology. Herpetologica 51: 234–250
Ngo V. T., Bauer A. M. 2008. Descriptions of two new species of Cyrtodactylus Gray 1827 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) endemic to southern Vietnam. Zootaxa 1715: 27–42
Ngo V. T., Bauer A. M., Wood Jr P. L., Grismer J. L. 2009. A new species of Gekko Laurenti, 1768 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Dong Nai Province, Southeastern Vietnam. Zootaxa 2238: 33–42
Ngo V. T., Gamble T. 2010. A new species of Gekko (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Tà Kóu Nature Reserve, Binh Thuan Province, Southern Vietnam. Zootaxa 2346: 17–28
Ngo V. T., Gamble T. 2011. Gekko canaensis sp. nov. (Squamata: Gekkonidae), a new gecko from Southern Vietnam. Zootaxa 2890: 53–64
Ngo V. T., Pham, T. H., Anorath, P., Patrick, D., Alexandre, T. 2015. Gekko aaronbaueri, new gecko (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from central Laos. Zootaxa 3914: 144–156
Nguyen T. Q., Wang Y. Y., Yang J. H., Lehmann T., Le D. M., Ziegler T., Bonkowski M. 2013. A new species of the Gekko japonicus group (Squamata: Sauria: Gekkonidae) from the border region between China and Vietnam. Zootaxa 3652: 501–518
Okada S., Ota H., Hasegawa M., Hikida T., Miyaguni H., Kato J. 1992. Reproductive traits of seven species of lygosomine skinks (Squamata: Reptilia) from East Asia. Nat Hist Res 2: 43–52
Ota H., Lue K. Y., Chen S. H., Brown B. C. 1989. Taxonomic status of the Taiwanese Gekko, with comments on the synonymy of the Luperosaurus amissus Taylor. J Herp 23: 76–78
Phung T. M., Ziegler T. 2011. Another new Gekko species (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from southern Vietnam. Zootaxa 3129: 51–61
R Development Core Team. 2011. R: a language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria
R?sler H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Gecko-Taxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28–153 (In German)
R?sler H., Siler C. D., Brown R. M., Demegillo A. D., Gaulke M. 2006. Gekko ernstkelleri sp. n. – a new gekkonid lizard from Panay Island, Philippines. Salamandra 42: 197–211
R?sler H., Bauer A. M., Heinicke M. P., Greenbaum E., Jackman T., Nguyen T. Q., Ziegler T. 2011. Phylogeny, taxonomy, and zoogeography of the genus Gekko Laurenti, 1768 with the revalidation of G. reevesii Gray, 1831 (Sauria: Gekkonidae). Zootaxa 2989: 1–50
Toda M., Hikida T., Ota H. 2001. Discovery of sympatric cryptic species within Gekko hokouensis (Gekkonidae: Squamata) from the Okinawa Island, Japan, by use of allozyme data. Zool Scr 30: 1–11
Toda M. 2008. External characters useful to discriminate Gekko hokouensis and its cryptic undescribed species of the Okinawa Group, Japan: a preliminary report. Akamata 19: 27–34 (In Japanese)
Yang J. H., Wang Y. Y., Zhang T. D., Sun Y. J., Lin S. S. 2012. Genetic and morphological evidence on the species validity of Gekko melli Vogt, 1922 with notes on its diagnosis and range extension (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Zootaxa 3505: 67–74
Zhang Y. P., Du W. G., Zhu L. J. 2009. Differences in body size and female reproductive traits between two sympatric geckos, Gekko japonicus and Gekko hokouensis. Folia Zool 58: 113–122
Zhao E., Adler K. 1993. Herpetology of China. Oxford, Ohio, USA: Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles
Zhao E., Zhao K., Zhou K. 1999. Fauna Sinica Reptilia, Vol. 2, Squamata Lacertilia. Beijing, China: Science Press (In Chinese)
Zhou K. Y., Liu Y. Z., Yang G. P. 1981. Three new species of Hemiphyllodactylus yunnanensis (Boulenger) from China (Lacertiformes, Gekkonidae). Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica 6: 202–209 (In Chinese)
Zhou K. Y., Li D. J. 1982. Gekko liboensis. 1–2. In Zhou K. Y., Liu Y. Z., Li D. J. (Eds.), Three new species of Gekko and remarks on Gekko hokouensis (Lacertiformes, Gekkonidae). Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica 7: 438–446 (In Chinese)
Ziegler T., Nguyen Q. T. 2010. New discoveries of amphibians and reptiles from Vietnam. Bonn Zool Bull 57: 137–147
Welch K. R. G. 1994. Lizards of the World, 1, Geckos. Taunton, USA: R and A Research and Information Limited
Xu N., Gao X. M., Wu K. Y., Wei G. 2007. Study on the distribution of reptiles in eight natural reserves in Guizhou province. Chin J Zool 42: 106–113 (In Chinese)


Last Update: 2016-01-25