Yan XU,Qin LIU,Edward A. MYERS,et al.Molecular Phylogeny of the Genus Gloydius (Serpentes: Crotalinae)[J].Asian Herpetological Research(AHR),2012,3(2):127-132.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1245.2012.00127]
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Molecular Phylogeny of the Genus Gloydius (Serpentes: Crotalinae)
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Asian Herpetological Research[ISSN:2095-0357/CN:51-1735/Q]

2012 VoI.3 No.2
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Original Article
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Molecular Phylogeny of the Genus Gloydius (Serpentes: Crotalinae)
Yan XU1 2* Qin LIU2* Edward A. MYERS3 4 Lian WANG2 Song HUANG5 Yun HE1 Peihao PENG1**
1 College of Tourism and Urban-Rural Planning, Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu 610064, Sichuan, China
2 College of Life Sciences and Food Engineering, Yibin University, Yibin 644007, Sichuan, China
3 College of Staten Island, Department of Biology 6S-143, 2800 Victory Blvd., Staten Island, NY 10314, United States
4 City University of New York, Graduate Center, 365 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10016-4309, United States
5 College of Life and Environment Sciences, Huangshan University, Huangshan 245021, Anhui, China
molecular phylogenetics venomous snake pit viper mtDNA nDNA
Based on two mitochondrial genes (cyt b, ND4) and one nuclear gene (c-mos), we explored the relationships within the Asian pit viper genus Gloydius. In total, 23 samples representing 10 species were analyzed. All phyloge-phylogenetic analyses support a monophyletic Gloydius with two major clades, one comprising G. brevicaudus, G. blomhoffii, and G. ussuriensis with the sister clade consisting of G. intermedius, G. saxatilis, G. halys and G. shedaoensis. The relationships among the three montane species G. strauchi, G. qinlingensis and G. liupanensis, as well as the two monophyletic groups, are unstable, and discussed. Divergence date estimation indicates that Gloydius lineage formed 15 Ma and diversification of the genus occurred at 9.89 Ma. Issues regarding the taxonomy of this genus are discussed where necessary.


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