Jianguo CUI,Xiaoyan SONG,Guangzhan FANG,et al.Circadian Rhythm of Calling Behavior in the Emei Music Frog (Babina daunchina) is Associated with Habitat Temperature and Relative Humidity[J].Asian Herpetological Research(AHR),2011,2(3):149-154.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1245.2011.00149]
Click Copy

Circadian Rhythm of Calling Behavior in the Emei Music Frog (Babina daunchina) is Associated with Habitat Temperature and Relative Humidity
Share To:

Asian Herpetological Research[ISSN:2095-0357/CN:51-1735/Q]

2011 VoI.2 No.3
Research Field:
Original Article
Publishing date:


Circadian Rhythm of Calling Behavior in the Emei Music Frog (Babina daunchina) is Associated with Habitat Temperature and Relative Humidity
Jianguo CUI1*# Xiaoyan SONG2# Guangzhan FANG1 Fei XU1 Steven E. BRAUTH3 and Yezhong TANG1*
1 Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, Sichuan, China
2 Sichuan Institute of Animal Sciences, Chengdu 610066, Sichuan, China
3 Department of Psychology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
rest-activity cycle advertisement call temperature humidity Emei music frog (Babina daunchina)
Generally, the functions of vocalizations made by male anurans are to attract females or defend resources. Typically, males vocalize in choruses during one or more periods in a twenty-four-hour cycle, which varies, however, among species. Nevertheless, the causal factors influencing circadian variations of calling patterns in anuran species are not clear. In this study, male chorus vocalizations were monitored in the Emei music frog (Babina daunchina) for 17 consecutive days during the breeding season, while its habitat air temperature and relative humidity in the course of experiments were measured as well. The results revealed that the circadian calling patterns were characterized by two periods of peak vocalization, which were observed from 0500 h to 0700 h and from 1300 h to 2000 h, while the lowest activity period was found from 2100 h to 2200 h. Both calls/h and notes/h were positively correlated with air temperature and negatively with relative humidity. Overall, our data indicate that the Emei music frogs (B. daunchina) could regulate their vocal activities based on the changes of physical micro-environment (e. g., temperature or humidity) to maximize reproductive success.


Altig R. 1970. A key to the tadpoles of the continental United States and Canada. Herpetologica, 26: 180–207
Boulenger G. A. 1909. Description of four new frogs and a new snake discovered by Mr. H. Sauter in Formosa. Ann Mag Natl Hist, 8: 492–496
Chiang H. C., Li J. C. 1958. The study of the “taste organs” of the tailless amphibian tadpoles. Acta Sci Nat Univ Pekinensis, 2: 235–249
Chou W. H., Lin J. Y. 1997. Tadpoles of Taiwan. Natl Mus Nat Sci (Spec publ), 7: 1–98
Dubois A. 1987. Miscellanea taxonomica batrachologica (Ⅱ). Alytes, 6: 1–9
Duellman W. E. 1993. Amphibian species of the world: Additions and corrections. Mus Nat Hist, Univ Kansas (Specl publ), 21: 1–372
Echeverr?a D. D., Lavilla E. O. 2000. Internal oral morphology of tadpoles of Dermatonotus muelleri and Elachistocleis bicolor. J Herpetol, 34: 517–523
Fei L., Hu S. Q., Ye C. Y., Huang Y. Z. 2009. Fauna Sinica. Amphibian. Vol. 2. Anura. Beijing: Science Press, 868–869
Frost D. R. 2011. Amphibian species of the world: An online reference.V5.5. Am Mus Nat Hist. Available from: http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibian/index.php (Accessed on 31 August 2011)
Gosner K. L. 1960. A simplified table for staging anuran embryos and larvae with notes on identification. Herpetologica, 16: 183–190
Inger R. F. 1985. Tadpoles of the forested regions of Borneo. Fieldiana: Zool, 26: 1–89
Li P. P. , Liang J., Lu Y. Y. 2011. Tadpoles of Liaoning, China. Beijing: Science Press, 1-100
Lian J. 2009. Study on the Morphology of Anuran Tadpoles around Bohai Sea, China. Shenyang: Shenyang Normal University, 1–118
Liu C. C. 1940. Natural history?study of west China amphibia. A. adaptations in tadpoles and adults. Peiking Nat Hist Bull, 15(2): 161–174
McDiarmid R. W., Altig R. 1999. Tadpoles: The Biology of Anuran Larvae. Chicago: Univ Chicago Press, 1–51
Orton G. L. 1953. The systematics of vertebrate larvae. Sys Zool, 2: 63–75
Orton G. L. 1957. The bearing of larval evolution on some problems in frog classification. Sys Zool, 6: 79–86
Parker H. W. 1934. A Monograph of the Frogs of the Family Microhylidae. London: Br Mus, 208 pp
Wassersug R. J. 1976. Oral morphology of anuran larvae: Terminology and general description. Occasional Papers of Mus Natl Hist, Univ of Kansas, 48: 1–23
Wassersug R. J. 1980. Internal oral features of larvae from eight anuran families functional, systematic, evolutionary and ecological considerations. Miscellaneous Publ, 68: 1–146
Wassersug R. J., Duellman W. E. 1984. The pseudohemisus tadpole: a morphological link between Microhylid (Orton type Ⅱ) and Ranoid (Orton type Ⅳ) larvae. Herpetologica, 40(2):138–149
Wassersug R. J., Pyburn W. F. 1987. The biology of the Peret' toad, Otophryne robusta (Microhylidae), with special consideration of its fossorial larva and systematic relationships. Zool J Linnean Soc, 91: 137–169
Starrett P. H. 1973. Evolutionary patterns in larval morphyology. In Vial J. L. (Ed.), Evolutionary Biology of the Anurans. Columbia, Missouri: Univ Missouri Press, 251–271


Last Update: 2016-03-15