Haojie TONG,Yubin WO,Pinghu LIAO and Yuanting JIN.Phylogenetic, Demographic and Dating Analyses of Bufo gargarizans Populations from the Zhoushan Archipelago and Mainland China[J].Asian Herpetological Research(AHR),2017,8(3):165-173.[doi:10.16373/j.cnki.ahr.160069]
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Phylogenetic, Demographic and Dating Analyses of Bufo gargarizans Populations from the Zhoushan Archipelago and Mainland China
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Asian Herpetological Research[ISSN:2095-0357/CN:51-1735/Q]

2017 VoI.8 No.3
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Phylogenetic, Demographic and Dating Analyses of Bufo gargarizans Populations from the Zhoushan Archipelago and Mainland China
Haojie TONG** Yubin WO** Pinghu LIAO and Yuanting JIN*
College of Life Sciences, China Jiliang University, Hangzhou 310018, Zhejiang, China
genetic structure island phylogeography mitochondrial DNA Bufo gargarizans
Relatively little is known about the relationship between Bufo gargarizans populations from Zhoushan Archipelago and nearby continental regions on the Pacific coast of eastern China. In this paper, 155 new specimens of B. gargarizans from Zhoushan Archipelago and adjacent continents and 71 published specimens of B. gargarizans from mainland China were studied. Phylogeographical and dating analyses of B. gargarizans were performed using mitochondrial DNA sequencing with a length of 1436 bp. A mtDNA tree that indicated seven major clades was obtained. The earliest split in the mtDNA tree corresponding to the divergence of populations from the western highland region occurred approximately 4.0 million years ago (mya). A subsequent clade occurred about 3.4 mya, with cladogenesis continuing toward the end of the Pleistocene. The continental clades were distributed in the western, central and northeastern regions of China. Zhoushan Archipelago clades consisted of two largely geographically overlapping subclades with the mtDNA divergence time of 0.73 mya. These results indicated there was extensive dispersal after vicariance. The B. gargarizans populations on Zhoushan Archipelago most probably originated from populations in nearby eastern continental regions of China. It was concluded that geological uplifting during the Pliocene and several sea-level changes in Pleistocene might have influenced the divergence and population demographical history of this species.


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Last Update: 2017-09-25